Anyone who has asthma will tell you there are a large variety of medicines designed for treating asthma. Some are required to be inhaled, while others are taken intravenously. It is of most importance that asthma patients utilize all asthma drugs precisely to medical directions. Bear in mind, a number of medicines need to be used daily to achieve positive results. If you are unable to get relief by using asthma medicine or the symptoms worsen, seek emergency medical attention as soon as possible.
Corticosteroids are used to minimize inflammation of the lower airway. Everyday consumption of corticosteroids will be needed to manage bronchial asthma symptoms. Corticosteroids will have to be used frequently so they can take effect. Spacer devices should also be implemented in the usage of corticosteroids.
Inhaled bronchodilators may also be recommended by your doctor to provide assistance in opening the lower airway. Inhaled bronchodilators are most commonly referred to as rescue inhalers or nebulizers. Home nebulizers are devices that make use of a combination of water and liquid asthma medicine to create a mist, which is then inhaled by the asthma patient from a face mask. When using an asthma rescue inhaler, the person exhales, positions the inhaler mouth piece over his or her mouth and breathes in deeply, taking up to four puffs of the medication. Inserting the inhaler device straight into the mouth results in a higher quantity of the medicine being wasted. This is why it is very important to always use spacer devices with your inhaler. If used correctly, inhaled bronchodilators produce very few side effects. If the patient only has a mild case of asthma they may require no other medicine other than a bronchodilator.
Systemic bronchodilators serve the same purpose as inhaled bronchodilators, but are taken intravenously instead of an inhaled mist. Systemic bronchodilators are much more potent than inhaled bronchodilators, however, they will also create more side effects ranging from irritability to an elevated heart rate. Asthmatics who experience extremely severe asthma symptoms may require systemic bronchodilators.
Systemic corticosteroids are also taken by mouth or intravenously while serving the same purpose as inhaled corticosteroids. Systemic corticosteroids are known to produce serious side effects if taken over long periods of time. As a result, they are limited to treating asthma symptoms that do not respond to all the medicines mentioned above. Treatment therapy with systemic corticosteroids usually only last a couple weeks at most.
The job of Leukotriene modifiers is to block leukotrienes, as a result reducing mucus production and lung obstruction. Leukotrienes are naturally created inside the human body. Leukotrienes can lead to increased mucus production as well as higher lung obstruction, making it more difficult for asthma sufferers to breathe.